Training of trainers – NFL and interactive methods in Youth work – ACHIEVE

Lesson 4 – Learning Pyramid (Edgar Dales Cone Of Experience) – text

text lesson

learning pyramid


As you can see from this pyramid, according to the ways of learning, we tend to remember certain percentage of information and in particular:

We remember 10% of what we read – by reading the text

We remember 20% of what we hear and see – by listening to words and viewing images

We remember 30% of what we see – by watching demonstration

We remember 50% of what we see and discuss – by watching a demonstration and discussion

We remember 75% of what we do – by practicing

We remember 90% of what we teach – by teaching others

Practical application of the learning pyramid

The model clearly shows the difference between passive and active learning. Better memory and understanding of things happens in case of active learning, while through passive learning, we memorize and understand again but with big “losses”.

There are various ways of learning. Hence, there is a real potential for people to learn successfully in more than one or two ways.


Source – National Training Laboratories, Bethel, Maine; model from Edgar Dayl (1946, 1969)


The training program “Training of Trainers” is an educational product that is currently missing in the partner countries – Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania. Due to the early stage of development of the youth sector and youth work in these countries the educational materials aimed at non-formal learning are still limited and insufficient. The lack of adequate educational framework for training of youth workers in the field of formal education leads to inefficient use of the capacity of professionals.

This course fills a gap in the youth sector, namely the need of methodologies for the preparation of trainers, who are able to train youth workers. This course will set the basis for the preparation of teams of trainers of youth workers. The course will serve the goal of development of youth work in the participating countries and other interested parties. A large number of youth workers can be trained according to the methodology at national and international level to use and promote non-formal learning as a tool to enhance the realization of young people in the labor market and increase their social cohesion.

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