Training of trainers – NFL and interactive methods in Youth work – ACHIEVE

Lesson 32 – Training delivery: Things to Pay Attention to during a session – text

text lesson

(by Ognian Gadoularov)

  • Goal of the session – With the introduction of each session we answer to the inner questions of the participants “Why are we making these things?” and “What will be the useful result which I will receive?” In order to secure maximum level of participation you have to aim at every moment to keep clear the goals and the benefits to the participants of the activities.
  • Explanation and assignment of activities – the clearest possible explanation at the beginning saves the time of later additional explanations. Separate clearly the beginning and the end of each activity. Ask if everyone has understood and if not – explain again.
  • Interaction – try to distribute the session so that 30% of the time is for the trainer (introduction of information, giving instructions, demonstrations, etc.) and 70% is for the participants (discussions, group work, exercises, development of something)
  • Mutual learning and sharing of experience and ideas – at each possible moment direct and encourage the participants to enrich their shared ideas and opinions.
  • Less but clearer topics (of separate session and tasks) – do not overload the participants with too much theoretical information
  • Diversity of methods for reflection and evaluation (feedback) – Use as diverse methods as possible to ensure reflection and feedback (the constant repetition of the question “How do you feel?” soon becomes a reason for jokes and leads to boredom and uniformity of the expectations). At each possible moment surprise the participants with unusual methods – to imitate, show without words, draw, sing, express through a melody on their phones, etc.)
  • Taking notes – write everything which impressed you during the sessions in order to improve your methodology and your work. Discuss the notes with your colleagues and apply the conclusions in practice.
  • Documentation of the sessions – develop the session using tables for description of the training modules. Keep and archive of the methods and sessions used. During preparation of training programs use your old notes to adapt and upgrade with new topics and content.
  • Asking of questions – encourage the participants to ask questions. If it does not bother you allow the participants to interrupt you even when you present information. In such way you increase the trust and the feeling that you give everything you can to them and helps them in the understanding of the material.
  • References – showing the connections between the parts of the material support the logic of the training process and reinforce what was learnt. The creation of connections and the return to the global picture is important for remembering and for better perception.
  • Conclusions and summaries – make summaries at the end of each activity going back to the objective. (“Why are we making this?”, “What do we want to achieve?”, “Did we achieve it?”)
  • Additional activities – ensure that the program has the following additional elements
  • Enough energizers and physical activities – the program has to be vibrant, to have a balance between more dynamic and calmer activities
  • Selfreflection – answer to questions which were prepared in advance and are kept during all program
  • Group discussion – evaluation of what has happened to the moment with all participants
  • Solo –time during which the participants stay with themselves and reflect on what was studies
  • Review of the program and the task distribution – ensure the review of the programs and the activities


The training program “Training of Trainers” is an educational product that is currently missing in the partner countries – Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania. Due to the early stage of development of the youth sector and youth work in these countries the educational materials aimed at non-formal learning are still limited and insufficient. The lack of adequate educational framework for training of youth workers in the field of formal education leads to inefficient use of the capacity of professionals.

This course fills a gap in the youth sector, namely the need of methodologies for the preparation of trainers, who are able to train youth workers. This course will set the basis for the preparation of teams of trainers of youth workers. The course will serve the goal of development of youth work in the participating countries and other interested parties. A large number of youth workers can be trained according to the methodology at national and international level to use and promote non-formal learning as a tool to enhance the realization of young people in the labor market and increase their social cohesion.

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