Training of trainers – NFL and interactive methods in Youth work – ACHIEVE

Lesson 31 – Training design: ADDIE Model – text

text lesson




Initially developed as a model for the army by the University of Florida the ADDIE Model is was very structured and hierarchical. The aim of the model was to adequately train people who had to complete certain activities or tasks. The model included several steps coinciding from the 5 main stages where every step had to be completed before the next one. With the years the people who practiced the model revised and developed the steps and it became more dynamic and interactive than its original hierarchical version. In the middle of the 80s the version which we use today appeared.

Analysis Phase

During the analysis the designer of the program identifies the leaning needs and challenges, the general and specific goals, the problems of the future students, the levels of knowledge, skills and attitudes and all other relevant information which is needed for the preparation of the training.

  • What needs will the training address?
  • This part of the model is related to research and digging much deeper than the assumptions
  • It is related to systematic thoughts about the desired outcome at organization level, group and single individual.

 Design Phase

A systematic process which includes concrete educational topics and areas. Often detailed descriptions of the training are made. They can contain also graphic summary of what is going to happen and prioritizing of the topics and sessions which are important in the training. At the end of the design we have to have general idea about the structure of the training.

 Development Phase

The real creation of a detailed program which includes all activities and the materials needed for the work, based on the structure prepared during the design phase.

 Implementation Phase

During the application phase the plan is put into action and the procedure for training of the participants happens according to the goals planned. The prepared materials are introduced and the program is applied in the context of the group and the group processes and dynamics.

 Evaluation and Feedback Phase

The feedback phase contains research by the team and the evaluation by the participants. A feedback has to be included at the end of each of the stages of the cycle. At the end of the analysis we make a summary of what we have found during each stage and take nots for improvement. From the participant we can collect official and unofficial feedback.

At the end of the cycle we revise the plan and the design if this is needed for the future.


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The training program “Training of Trainers” is an educational product that is currently missing in the partner countries – Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania. Due to the early stage of development of the youth sector and youth work in these countries the educational materials aimed at non-formal learning are still limited and insufficient. The lack of adequate educational framework for training of youth workers in the field of formal education leads to inefficient use of the capacity of professionals.

This course fills a gap in the youth sector, namely the need of methodologies for the preparation of trainers, who are able to train youth workers. This course will set the basis for the preparation of teams of trainers of youth workers. The course will serve the goal of development of youth work in the participating countries and other interested parties. A large number of youth workers can be trained according to the methodology at national and international level to use and promote non-formal learning as a tool to enhance the realization of young people in the labor market and increase their social cohesion.

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