Training of trainers – NFL and interactive methods in Youth work – ACHIEVE

Lesson 22 – Working with groups: Stages of Group Development (group dynamics) 3 – text

text lesson

Emotions and behaviors during the development stages

Stage Characteristics Emotions Behaviors
Forming § Transition period – the individual starts to feel part of the group

§ Test of the leadership

§ Walk in the dark

§ Excitement, expectation, optimism

§ Pride – I am part of this team

§ First insecure attempts to identify oneself with the team

§ Suspicion, fear, worry about the work ahead

§ Attempt to formulate the task and possible solutions

§ Attempt to establish acceptable behavior of the group during the solution of the task

§ Taking a decision what information needs to be collected

§ „Diluted” abstract discussion about the concept and the tasks

§ Discussion of topics and problems not related to the task, difficulty in the identification of the real problems

§ Complains about the organization and the challenges for the completion of the task

Storming § The hardest phase for the group

§ Impatience for the work to advance

§ The participants rely only on themselves

§ The arguments are between everyone

§ Stubbornness and unacceptance of approaches different from the personal ones for solution of the task

§ Strong uncertainty about the success of the team and the project

§ Arguments between the participant even when there is an agreement about the main parameters of the task

§ Defense and competition, belonging to subgroups.

Norming § The team starts to unite

§ The participants overcome their differences

§ The roles get shaped

§ The participants start to rely on each other


§ Ability to give constructive feedback

§ Acceptance of the leadership in the team

§ Relief – it look like everything will work out fine

§ Attempt to reach agreement avoiding conflicts

§ More amiability, trust to each other, sharing of personal problems and free talk about the team processes

§ A collective spirit and unity and sense of common goals can be felt in the group

Performing § Developed relationships and expectations

§ Everyone knows their roles

§ The participants know theirs pros and cons

§ Satisfaction by the success of the team

§ Intuition about the ongoing interpersonal and group processes

§ Ability to foresee and avoid problems

§ Strong connection with the team

§ Self-development


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The training program “Training of Trainers” is an educational product that is currently missing in the partner countries – Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania. Due to the early stage of development of the youth sector and youth work in these countries the educational materials aimed at non-formal learning are still limited and insufficient. The lack of adequate educational framework for training of youth workers in the field of formal education leads to inefficient use of the capacity of professionals.

This course fills a gap in the youth sector, namely the need of methodologies for the preparation of trainers, who are able to train youth workers. This course will set the basis for the preparation of teams of trainers of youth workers. The course will serve the goal of development of youth work in the participating countries and other interested parties. A large number of youth workers can be trained according to the methodology at national and international level to use and promote non-formal learning as a tool to enhance the realization of young people in the labor market and increase their social cohesion.

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