Training of trainers – NFL and interactive methods in Youth work – ACHIEVE

Lesson 22 – Working with groups: Stages of Group Development (group dynamics) 2 – text

text lesson

Stages of group dynamics

Forming

Characteristics

  • The individual behavior dominates
  • Untruthful to “rituals”
  • Cautious
  • Have their own goals
  • Apparent politeness to decrease tension
  • Lack of structure

Types of behavior

  • The noisier will dominate
  • The feelings and the opinions will be hidden
  • Inability to concentrate on the task
  • Distortion of the information heard
  • Lots of voting
  • The conflicts are suppressed or covered up

 The role of the trainer in the group building

  • To define tasks
  • To establish a structure
  • To develop trust development
  • To manage roles
  • To engage the attention of the group
  • Individual approach to the leaders

Storming

Characteristics

  • Feeling of hopelessness
  • Resistance towards a structure
  • Challenges against the leader
  • The reason for the lack of success is sought in external factors
  • Inner struggles and sub-grouping
  • Use of personal attacks as a protective reaction

Types of behavior

  • Evaluative comments
  • Protective reactions shown as negative non-verbal behavior
  • Comments and opinions which are not wanted

 The role of the trainer in the group building

  • To encourage talking
  • To clarify the mission
  • To give feedback
  • To stimulate each participant
  • To initiate discussion of fears
  • To identify conflicts
  • To engage the team in the problem solving
  • The leader needs a purposeful approach (coaching)

Norming

Characteristics

  • Power centralization – looking at the leader to decrease the tension
  • The individuals develop a sense of belonging
  • The aggression is directed towards the problems, not towards the people
  • Solving structural problems
  • The attention is focused on the goal
  • A feeling of satisfaction develops

Types of behavior

  • Open discussion on values, proposals and opinions
  • Asking questions on the topic
  • Willingness to experiment
  • Increase in the willingness to give feedback
  • Demonstration of advancement during the performance of the tasks
  • More balanced participation

The role of the trainer in the group building

  • To provide of support
  • To encourage of free communication
  • To concentrate on the goal
  • To support of the structuring of the activity
  • To stimulate conflict as part of the progress
  • The leader needs a facilitator’s approach

Performing

Characteristics

  • Purposefulness
  • Acceptance of external help/resources
  • High level of trust
  • Frequent analysis of the actions undertaken
  • Fixing mistakes together – softening of the tension as a sign of cooperation
  • Pure feeling of joy

Types of behavior

  • The participants encourage each other with or without words
  • Willingness to have witnesses which helps the feedback
  • The closeness of the team is preserved during non-formal meetings
  • High level of flexibility in performance of different roles
  • Easy laughs
  • The participants give strength to each other

The role of the trainer in the group building

  • To state the goals again
  • To maintain the composition of the group
  • To support for the changes in the dynamics
  • To give appraisal of the achievements
  • The Leaders need a focused approach
  • To leave them to say it

Adjourning /Unforming

Characteristics

  • Reflectivity
  • Willingness to share
  • Willingness for work on new projects
  • Melancholy – return to shared memories
  • Feeling of insecurity and thread

 Types of behavior

  • The participants share and remember what they lived through together
  • The consider a future connection between themselves
  • Sharing

 The role of the interpreter in the group building

  • To secure a sharing environment
  • To secure time and place for sharing or remembering of the experience
  • Place/environment for future plans and continuous communication

 

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The training program “Training of Trainers” is an educational product that is currently missing in the partner countries – Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania. Due to the early stage of development of the youth sector and youth work in these countries the educational materials aimed at non-formal learning are still limited and insufficient. The lack of adequate educational framework for training of youth workers in the field of formal education leads to inefficient use of the capacity of professionals.

This course fills a gap in the youth sector, namely the need of methodologies for the preparation of trainers, who are able to train youth workers. This course will set the basis for the preparation of teams of trainers of youth workers. The course will serve the goal of development of youth work in the participating countries and other interested parties. A large number of youth workers can be trained according to the methodology at national and international level to use and promote non-formal learning as a tool to enhance the realization of young people in the labor market and increase their social cohesion.

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